Is Berseem used as fodder?

Which type of crop is Berseem?

annual leguminous fodder crop
Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum) is an annual leguminous fodder crop. It is one of the most suitable fodder crops for areas below 1700 m altitude with irrigation facilities. It remains soft and succulent at all stages of growth.

Is Berseem used as fodder?

Berseem is one of the most important fodder crops and has been rightly described as the king of fodders. It is highly esteemed fodder which has a special place in animal husbandry programmes throughout the country.

Which fertilizer is best for Berseem?


Crop Fertilizer Recommended Dose (Kg acre-1)
Berseem N P 10 50
Lucerne N P 10 50
Sorghum N P 24 24
Millet N P 24 24

What is Berseem fodder?

Berseem is a winter season fodder crop. Due to more No. of cuts and high nutrition value berseem is known as king of fodders. In the near vicinity of big cities it is cultivated as cash crop. It can increase the milk production in milch animals.

What is berseem used for?

Berseem provides highly nutritious and tasty fodder for livestock in winter season in repeated cuttings. It contains 17% crude protein, 25.9% crude fiber and 60-65% TDN (Total Digestible Nutrients) content. Berseem needs a mild temperature to germinate and further establishment.

Why is berseem called King of fodder?

The berseem fodder is highly palatable due to its succulence and is also highly nutritious (20% CP and 62% TDN) for livestock. This crop provides fodder for a long season i.e., from November to May in five to six cuts with as much as 70-80 tonnes green fodder per hectare.

In which season berseem is grown?

Package of Practices of Berseem

Season Soil type
Clay and clay loan soil Loam soil
October to February 14-16 days interval 12-14 days interval
March to April 10-12 days interval 8-10 days interval

How do you grow berseem grass?

Berseem is only propagated by seeds and is usually sown in early autumn. It can be sown on a conventional seedbed or be direct drilled. Berseem can be sown alone or in combination with other species. It is mixed with grass (ryegrass) or with a winter cereal crop such as oats to make high quality silage.

What is berseem in English?

Definition of berseem : a succulent annual clover (Trifolium alexandrinum) cultivated as a forage plant and green-manure crop especially in the alkaline soils of the Nile valley and in the southwestern U.S. — called also Egyptian clover.

How is berseem harvesting done?

Harvesting (cutting) in Berseem Cultivation: First cutting is available 50 to 60 days after sowing. 2. Other cuttings are obtained at about 40 days interval before flowering.

Is berseem perennial?

Berseem is an annual, sparsely hairy, erect forage legume, 30 to 80 cm high (Hackney et al., 2007; Hannaway et al., 2004; Suttie, 1999).

Which soil is suitable for berseem cultivation?

clay loam soils
Berseem can be grown on all types of soils except very light sandy soils. Well-drained clay loam soils rich in calcium and phosphorus are ideally suited for its cultivation. Soil pH should be above 7.0. The crop can be grown successfully on alkaline soils having good water retention capacity.

What is berseem fodder?

Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum ) is the prominent legume fodder crop of rabi in the entire North West, Zone, Hill Zone and part of Central and Eastern Zone of the country. Berseem makes the most digestible and palatable green fodder to the cattle and especially milch animals are very much benefited with berseem.

Is berseem good for cattle?

Berseem makes the most digestible and palatable green fodder to the cattle and especially milch animals are very much benefited with berseem. It provides fodder with high tonnage over a long period from November to May in 5 – 6 cuts.

What is the yield potential of berseem crop?

Forge yield potential of berseem crop is very high. The crop is capable of producing 1000 to 1200 q/ha of green forage under improved agronomic management practices and favorable weather conditions. Mixing Japan rape or Chines cabbage 2.25 kg seed/ha increases the yield by 20-25 per cent in first cut.

What is the feeding value of a berseem/bagasse?

In goats, the feeding value of a berseem/bagasse (70:30) mixed silage with berseem cut during the 1st and 2nd cycle was higher than that of berseem hay cut during the 3rd and 4th cycle ( Mohsen et al., 2011a; Mohsen et al., 2011b ).