C2H3ClVinyl chloride / Formula

What is the formula of vinyl chloride?

C2H3ClVinyl chloride / Formula

How is vinyl chloride monomer produced?

There are two methods to produce VCM: direct chlorination and oxychlorination. Direct chlorination sees ethylene and chlorine react within a catalyst-containing reactor to form EDC. EDC is then thermally cracked to yield VCM at a few hundred degrees Celsius.

What is polymer of vinyl chloride?

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a synthetic resin made from the polymerization of vinyl chloride. PVC is a commonly used polymer that finds applications in a variety of products due to its excellent properties and low cost.

What is vinyl formula?

In chemistry, vinyl or ethenyl (abbreviated as Vi) is the functional group with the formula H-C=CH2. It is the ethylene (IUPAC ethene) molecule (H2C=CH2) with one fewer hydrogen atom. The name is also used for any compound containing that group, namely R−CH=CH2 where R is any other group of atoms.

What is the formula of vinyl acetate?

C4H6O2Vinyl acetate / Formula

What is the chemical formula of plastic?


CompTox Dashboard ( EPA ) DTXSID8031946
Chemical formula (C2H4)n
Density 0.88–0.96 g/cm3

What are copolymers write important copolymers of vinyl chloride?

Vinyl Chloride-Vinyl Acetate Copolymer

  • Magnesium.
  • Poly(vinyl Chloride)
  • Poly(vinyl Acetate)
  • Vinyl Acetate.
  • Chloride.
  • Acetate.
  • Copolymer.
  • Flame Retardant.

How is vinyl chloride polymerised?

Polyvinyl chloride is produced in an addition polymerisation reaction using the chloroethene (vinyl chloride) monomer. This polymerisation reaction proceeds by a free-radical mechanism. Polyvinyl chloride is a white, rigid, quite brittle, solid.

What is LDPE made of?

Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is a thermoplastic made from the monomer ethylene. It was the first grade of polyethylene, produced in 1933 by Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) using a high pressure process via free radical polymerization. Its manufacture employs the same method today.

What is a vinyl monomer?

Vinyl polymers are polymers made from vinyl monomers; that is, small molecules containing carbon-carbon double bonds. They make up largest family of polymers. Let’s see how we get from a vinyl monomer to a vinyl polymer using for an example the simplest vinyl polymer, polyethylene.

What is vinyl made of?

Vinyl (polyvinyl chloride or PVC), is the world’s most versatile plastic, used to make everything from food wrap to auto body parts. Vinyl is composed of two simple building blocks: chlorine, based on common salt, and ethylene, from crude oil.

What is the chemical formula for vinyl chloride?

Infobox references. Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H 2C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) or chloroethene. This colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

How is vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) made?

The five main processes used in the production of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) are: (1) direct chlorination of ethylene to form EDC, (2) oxychlorination of ethylene to form from recycled HCl and oxygen, (3) purification of EDC, (4) thermal cracking of EDC to form VCM and HCl, and (5) the purification of VCM.

How is the assessment of vinyl chloride exposure performed?

The assessment of vinyl chloride exposure can be accomplished through measurement of thiodiglycolic acid, which has been found to correlate well with environmental levels of vinyl chloride. However, other compounds such as 1,2-dichloroethane also produce thiodiglycolic acid in the urine, and may confound the assessment of vinyl chloride exposure.

What is the name of the compound with the formula CHCl?

Vinyl chloride. Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H 2C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) or chloroethene.