Socrates argues, in an ideal state, a person who is highly educated, has passion for learning of all kinds, and has achieved the understanding of the form of the good should govern; this person is the philosopher king.

What is Socrates ideal state?

Socrates argues, in an ideal state, a person who is highly educated, has passion for learning of all kinds, and has achieved the understanding of the form of the good should govern; this person is the philosopher king.

What was Socrates thrasymachus challenge?

Regardless of how we interpret Thrasymachus’s statement, the challenge to Socrates is the same: he must prove that justice is something good and desirable, that it is more than convention, that it is connected to objective standards of morality, and that it is in our interest to adhere to it.

What is beauty according to Socrates?

Socrates and Plato By the account of Xenophon, Socrates found beauty congruent with that to which was defined as the morally good, in short, he thought beauty coincident with the good. Beauty is a subject of Plato in his work Symposium. He considered beauty to be the Idea (Form) above all other Ideas.

How does Socrates react to the definitions of justice?

What is Socrates reaction to Glaucon’s definition of justice? He responds that justice is not always to the benefit of the rulers, in fact, it benefits us all. He proves this point by slowly constructing a society from the ground up.

What are the three classes in the ideal city?

Classes in ideal society Plato lists three classes in his ideal society. Producers or Workers: The laborers who make the goods and services in the society. Auxillaries: Soldiers. Guardians/Soldiers: Those who keep order in the society and protect it from invaders.

Why does Aristotle state that human beings are mimetic beings?

Aristotle was not against literature as such; he stated that human beings are mimetic beings, feeling an urge to create texts (art) that reflect and represent reality. He posited the characters in tragedy as being better than the average human being, and those of comedy as being worse.

Why did Plato not allowed the teaching of poetry and drama in his ideal state?

Plato is famous for having banished poetry and poets from the ideal city of the Republic. But he did no such thing. On the contrary, poetry – the right sort of poetry – will be a pervasive presence in the society he describes. He banished them because they produced the wrong sort of poetry.

What is thrasymachus’s definition of justice?

remains in our memory of Thrasymachus, is that he defines “justice” (a loose word for “just action”) as doing what is in the interest of the. stronger.

What is mimesis According to Plato?

Mimesis, basic theoretical principle in the creation of art. The word is Greek and means “imitation” (though in the sense of “re-presentation” rather than of “copying”). Plato and Aristotle spoke of mimesis as the re-presentation of nature.

What does Socrates say about poetry?

According to Socrates, this imitative poetry feeds the irrational desires that go against the best part in our soul. Poetic imitation gives the necessary ground for irrational desires to rule the soul, which he believes is the greatest accusation against poetry (606d).

Is Plato really an enemy of poetry?

As a moralist, Plato disapproves of poetry because it is immoral, as a philosopher he disapproves of it because it is based in falsehood. He is of the view that philosophy is better than poetry because philosopher deals with idea / truth, whereas poet deals with what appears to him / illusion.

How does Socrates respond to thrasymachus?

Socrates does not promote injustice like Thrasymachus as he believes a city will not function without necessary wisdom, and virtue which can only be found when justice occurs. Justice is essentially virtue and wisdom according to Socrates (Plato, Grube, and Reeve pg.

What is Plato’s concept of mimesis?

In his theory of Mimesis, Plato says that all art is mimetic by nature; art is an imitation of life. He believed that ‘idea’ is the ultimate reality. Art imitates idea and so it is imitation of reality. Thus, painter’s chair is twice removed from reality. Hence, he believed that art is twice removed from reality.

When there is crime in society there is no justice?

Plato quote: When there is crime in society, there is no justice.

Who is the just man according to Plato?

Plato strikes an analogy between the human organism on the one hand and social organism on the other. Human organism according to Plato contains three elements-Reason, Spirit and Appetite. An individual is just when each part of his or her soul performs its functions without interfering with those of other elements.