Cotton and mustard are the genetically modified crops grown in India. With the help of Bt gene the cotton plant is genetically modified to protect the plants from bollworm which is a major pest of cotton.

What is GMC one crop grown in India?

Cotton and mustard are the genetically modified crops grown in India. With the help of Bt gene the cotton plant is genetically modified to protect the plants from bollworm which is a major pest of cotton.

What is the current status of GM crops in India?

Globally, area under GM crops has increased manifold from 17 lakh hectares in 1996 to 1917 lakh hectares in 2018. Meanwhile, in India, the area under Bt. Cotton has increased from 0.29 lakh hectares in 2002-03 to 117.47 lakh hectares in 2019-20, according to Directorate of Economics and Statistics.

How many GM crops are grown in India?

Of the three gm food crops in India — brinjal, mustard and potato — awaiting permission for large-scale field trials and seed production, brinjal is the first one to get geac approval. Bt cotton is the only other gm crop permitted in the country.

Which GM crop is allowed in India?

India has approved commercial cultivation of only one GM crop, Bt cotton.

What is a genetically modified crops Gmcs name any such crop which is grown in India?

Genetically modified crops(gm crop) are crops produced from organisms that have had specific changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering. One such crop grown in India is cotton.

Why GM crops are banned in India?

GM food can have environmental, health and trade security implications, said industry experts. “GMO should be completely banned and there should be no provision to give any ‘prior approval’ to any company,” said Amit Dhanuka, past president of All India Food Processors’ Association ( AIFPA).

How are GM crops regulated in India?

The regulation of all activities related to GMOs and products derived from GMOs in India is governed by Rules, 1989 under the provisions of the Environment Protection Act (EPA), 1986 through the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) (MoEF and BCIL, New Delhi 2015. 2015.

Why GM crops are banned in India UPSC?

Environmental concerns: – Since a GMO is artificially created, its breeding with the other crops in the natural ecosystem can result in genetic contamination. – Another argument from ecologists is that the Bt. crops can harm non-target insects thereby affecting species diversity.

What is the first GM crop in India?

In 2010, nationwide protests saw the government bar commercial planting of what was once set to be India’s first GM food crop: an insect-resistant aubergine (brinjal). It then gave states the power to veto GM-crop trials, effectively barring field tests.

Is GM rice grown in India?

The government on Wednesday clarified that India does not export genetically modified (GM) rice as there is no commercial variety of such crop in the country and its cultivation is also banned here.

How GM crops are produced?

GM is a technology that involves inserting DNA into the genome of an organism. To produce a GM plant, new DNA is transferred into plant cells. Usually, the cells are then grown in tissue culture where they develop into plants. The seeds produced by these plants will inherit the new DNA.

Do GM crops Increase Yield?

They concluded that GM crops allowed an increase in yield of 6 percent to 25 percent, depending on the country, with the additional benefit of reducing mycotoxin levels by one-third. These toxins contributed to major economic losses and cause serious health problems.

What is the annual production of pulses in India?

Pulses are grown on 22-23 million hectares of area with an annual production of 13-15 million tonnes (mt). I ndia accounts for 33% of the world area and 22% of the world production of pulses. The major pulse crops grown in India are chickpea, pigeonpea, lentil, moongbean, urdbean and fieldpea.

What is the current global pulse production and consumption rate?

However, pulses production has been stagnant at between 11 and 14 million tonnes over the last two decades. Per capita pulses consumption over the years has come down from 61gm/day in 1951 to 30 gm/day in 2008.

What was the production of pulses during the first five years?

During the initial phase of the 1stFive Year Plan (1951-56), the production of Pulses was 10 Million tonnes (average of five years). There was a slight fall during the 4thPlan (1969-74) from the 3rdPlan recording the average production of 10.90 Million tonnes. However, there was a homogeneous increase thereafter.

What are the challenges faced by India in growing pulses?

… India having diversified agro-climatic conditions provides an opportunity to cultivate a variety of pulses (Imbasekar, 2014). Lack of availability of advanced crop production technologies as in cereals and other commercial crops is also a bottleneck for pulse production in India (Ramaswamy, 2002).